Over the last 10 years, Ol Pejeta has proven that wildlife/ livestock integration can not only work, but actually be beneficial to the grasslands.
Bunched grazing of cattle breaks up the hardpan soil in times of drought, and fertilizes the ground. This allows a rejuvenation of grass in these areas, which attracts herbivores from all over the Conservancy. Ol Pejeta’s Ecological Monitoring Unit have set camera traps up in these livestock-grazed areas, and recorded significantly more herbivores in these areas than others.
The challenges faced by this integration are predation from big cats, and tick-borne diseases carried by wildlife, particularly buffalo. Ol Pejeta loses around 1% of its livestock to predators each year, but this figure is considered sustainable in such an environment.